Health for All

Important Hypothyroidism Diet


Hypothyroidism is a condition where the body produces an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones. Thyroid Hormones helps to control our growth repair and metabolism. Hypothyroidism is due to an underactive thyroid. This can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, depression, weight gain and hair loss. Diet alone can’t cure the condition. But there are certain foods that contain important nutrients that help to improve thyroid function. And others can do more harm than good. Here are some suggestions on the food you should eat and avoid following hypothyroidism.

Food to eat


Especially those that are caught from the wild are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids. According to Dr. Axe, omega-3 fatty acids are essential for hormone balance and thyroid function. Additionally, when balanced against the omega-6 levels in your diet, omega-3 can also reduce inflammation and support healthy neurological function. Consume more fatty fish like Alaskan salmon, Pacific sardines and Atlantic mackerel once or twice per week to enjoy their full benefits.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil has a whole long list of benefits. Not only that it is good for your skin and a better alternative to many traditional cooking oils, but it is also helpful for a healthy metabolism boosting energy and combating fatigue due to its medium chain fatty acids. It is also a natural antimicrobial, antibacterial and antioxidant compound that suppresses inflammation in the body. Organic cold-pressed variety is the best grade of coconut oil.


Seaweeds are as important as your greens. Examples of seaweed are kelp, Kombu and wakame. These macroalgae are rich in natural iodine, which plays an essential part of a person’s diet especially in those who have an underactive thyroid. The reason is when a person suffers from iodine deficiency, it becomes a rate limiting step in the production of thyroid hormones, resulting in inhibited thyroid function.

High-fiber foods 

It is recommended to at least have 30 to 40 grams of high fiber diet per day for those with hypothyroidism. High fiber enhances regularity and can help to maintain a healthy weight. Foods rich in fiber include whole-grain foods such as breads and cereals or beans, and lentils seeds. Fruits and vegetables are also good sources of fiber for individuals with an underactive thyroid as they are also rich in a variety of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals which aid in the combat of free radical damage and inflammation. Moreover, fruits and vegetables are boost digestive health, brain function, heart health, hormone balance and a healthy weight. However cruciferous vegetables and certain fruits like peaches, pears and strawberries should be consumed in moderation.

Sprouted seeds 

Seeds are another excellent source of fiber for those with hypothyroidism, because they contain a type of omega-3 fatty acid called Ala

which plays a vital role in the maintenance of proper hormonal balance and healthy thyroid function. Consuming sufficient of these fats in the diet can help with brain function, mood management and keeping blood sugar levels stabilized. Combine chia, hemp and flax seeds into smoothies, oatmeal or baking in order to maintain a healthy weight.  

Food to avoid

Cruciferous vegetables

Certain vegetables known as cruciferous vegetables are best consumed in moderation or in some cases avoid them altogether because they may interfere with the production of thyroid hormone if you have an iodine deficiency. They are also claimed to be goitrogenic foods because they can cause an enlargement or goitre. These vegetables are broccoli, kale and brussels sprouts as well as cauliflower, radishes and turnips.

Tap water

Not all water is created equal. Tap water is proven detrimental to those suffering from hypothyroidism because the fluorine

and chlorine contents are sufficient to inhibit iodine absorption. Given the essential of iodine’s role to the body’s production of thyroid hormones, it is even worse when it comes to people with an underactive thyroid. The safest way is to drink fresh water only.


Gluten sensitivity is a common issue among those with hypothyroidism but in many cases, people are unaware of this. As a result, it often goes undiagnosed leading to inflammation, nutrient deficiencies and hormonal problem. Avoid gluten-containing foods such as wheat, barley, rye and also pay attention to product labels so that it is clearly stated as gluten free.


Sweet foods like chocolate, candy and donuts are certainly delicious but they are best consumed in moderation or avoided altogether especially among those with hypothyroidism. Having an underactive thyroid also means a slowdown of your metabolism, making it easy to gain weight if you aren’t careful. Furthermore, sugar can contribute to hormonal disturbances, fatigue, mood changes and worsen depression.


There’s long been concerned over the potential negative effects that certain compounds in soy called isoflavones may have on the thyroid. This is because some research has discovered that excessive intake may increase the chances of developing hypothyroidism while other studies also found that if you already have a thyroid problem, consuming soy may interfere with your ability to absorb thyroid medication. Do take extra care with your intake and only consume in moderation. Alternatively, avoid soy based products altogether including tofu, edamame, miso and foods made with soy protein isolate.

Refined flour products 

Unsurprisingly, these processed foods are made with enriched wheat flour such as white breads, pastas and cereals. In people with hypothyroidism, avoid these foods as they not only lack nutritional value, they also cause a negative impact on hormone levels and can contribute to weight gain. As a substitution, eat only 100% whole ancient grains like canola, buckwheat and etc

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